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Forum for Discussion: Proposed SIAM Bylaw Changes

Please use this forum to comment on proposed SIAM Bylaw Changes. Your comments will not immediately show up after you post them, as we will moderate comments to ensure that only SIAM members comments are posted.

Thank you.

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Report of the Strategic Directions Taskforce
December, 2014
David Miller, Jered Carr, Barbara McCabe, Paul Posner
The Chair of the section appointed the above individuals to serve as a taskforce to strategically assess the future direction of the section recognizing the evolving nature of government (federal, state, local) and governments relation to the broader society of which government is a part. In reviewing both the section name (Section on Intergovernmental Administration and Management) and the mission/description of the section, it is our general finding that neither speaks to the perspectives of emerging scholars and practitioners nor to fundamental and dynamic changes that have occurred in government/goverance since the original name and purpose of the section was established.  To capture these changes and to more broadly appeal to the discipline, we present two recommendations that 1) change the name of the section (Appendix 1 is a list of all ASPA sections) and 2) identify a new mission statement to guide the section. To aid the process currently underway to review the bylaws of the section, we also present suggestions on how those bylaws could be modified to implement our recommendations.
Recommendation 1: The name of the section should be changed from Section on Intergovernmental Administration and Management (SIAM) to Section on Governance (SOG).
Recommendation 2:  The mission of the section should be as follows:
The Section on Governance deals with the dynamic, part collaborative, part competitive environment of governments (national, state, and local) as they deal with public policy problems and issues that require cross-boundary participation in order to be resolved.  This participation occurs horizontally and vertically among governments as well as across the governmental, nonprofit, or public sectors.  Much of the focus of the section is on the metropolitan region and the networks that formally and informally have been and are being created to address common problems.  The section is both theoretical in terms of understanding the complexity of modern metropolitan regions and practitioner-based in terms of providing opportunities for those working in state, local, regional, and nonprofit institutions to better implement collaborative solutions.
The Section on Intergovernmental Administration and Management (SIAM) is increasingly active in developing links between federal, state, and local governments through its newsletter, Intergovernmental News, occasional papers on timely intergovernmental topics, and its special projects and workshops. The section fosters opportunities for professional liaison through its annual meeting, regional network, and national membership directory. SIAM also recognizes outstanding students and distinguished members of the profession through its awards program. Members receive the triennial Journal State and Local Government Review.

Suggested bylaw revisions:  The following revisions to the charter are suggested to the committee revising the charter as language that could incorporate the new name and direction into it. (Changes are noted in blue).

The American Society for Public Administration recognizes the development of specialized areas of interest within its membership as important to the advancement of the aims and purposes of the Society. Accordingly, it has granted and approved the following Charter and Bylaws for the Section on Governance. These are subject to the Constitution and Bylaws of the Society and to official Society policies governing the creation, evaluation, and termination of sections.
ARTICLE I. Name and Purpose
Section 1. Name: This organization shall be known as the Section on Governance (SOG) of the American Society for Public Administration.
Section 2. Purpose: Within the broad purposes of ASPA, the Section on Governance deals with the dynamic, part collaborative, part competitive environment of governments (national, state, and local) as they deal with public policy problems and issues that require cross-boundary participation in order to be resolved.  This participation occurs horizontally and vertically among governments as well as across the governmental, nonprofit, or public sectors.  Specifically, the section will:
1. Serve as a national focal point and leader in the analysis of governance issues and the formal and informal networks created to solve common problems.
2. Provide a national forum for activities, publication and research of academicians and practitioners addressing boundary-crossing governance issues and implementing collaborative solutions.
3.  Create a national forum for developing an empirically-grounded understanding of the complex modern metropolitan environment, the forces of competition and cooperation within that environment, and the ways in which collaborative responses to common problems can be forged, implemented, and sustained.
Section 3.
This Section is organized for the professional and educational purposes of: exclusively charitable and educational purposes within the meaning of Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as now in effect or as may hereafter be amended (“Code”). Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, such purposes include the following:
(a) Advancing the science, processes, and art of public administration.
(b) Advancing the equality of opportunity of all persons through public administration.
In furtherance of its exclusively charitable and educational purposes, the Section shall have all general powers of an unincorporated association, together with the power to solicit and accept grants and contributions for such purposes.
ARTICLE II. Activities
Section 1. SOG may undertake the following activities which are not necessarily inclusive or mandatory:
General:
1. Serve as a recognized national and regional focal point and spokesperson for governance related developments in education, training and research.
2. Identify major governance needs, problems, and opportunities inherent in the dynamic, often fragmented metropolitan environment and in the structure of the American federal system.
3. Identify and promote the use of information sources and material which constitute the state of the art theory and practice of collaborative governance.
4. Provide a forum for the exchange of views, information, and research on governance issues.
5. Provide a forum for discussion, research, and documentation of challenges and operations related to governance issues.
6. Serve as a stimulus for enhancing the effectiveness of collaborative governance through the exploration, development, and testing of capacity building models designed to respond to state and local deficiencies and needs.
7. Formulate program/policy positions on governance issues and problems
of national, regional, state, or local interest and concern.
8. Encourage and sponsor research on governance and the implementation of collaborative solutions through panels/presentations at ASPA, or related professional association, regional and national conferences.
9. Cooperate with other ASPA organizational units (sections, chapters) on program issues of mutual concern related to the governancesystem.
Training and Development:
1. Develop training packages (papers, reports, manuals, recordings, and video tapes, etc.) integrating advances in the area of cooperative federal, state, and local program and technology development and implementation.
2. Promote the incorporation of governance projects into on-going training and educational programs at universities and at all levels of government and in related professional associations.
3. Sponsor workshops and seminars in cooperation with related ASPA sections on functional issues where collaborative governanceis key to program effectiveness.
Publications:
1. Identify topics which should be included in the literature on intergovernmental coordination, cooperation, and management issues including, but not limited to, conference papers, articles, and books, and promote and encourage the publication of these sources.
2. Promote the publication of the section newsletter, occasional papers, or symposium of PAR or related journals on management capacity building in the context of intergovernmental policy management assistance or program administration and management from an intergovernmental perspective.
Research:
1. Encourage section member research efforts related to both intergovernmental administration and management in the federal system and the theory and practice of metropolitan governance.
2. Explore and develop research projects for funding by private foundations and governmental agencies.
3. Encourage federal, regional, state, and local research on intergovernmental administrative or management needs and interstate and interlocal concerns as well as on the governance of metropolitan regions.
4. Assist in securing public agency funding support for section member research or special projects in the development and/or testing of systems, administrative tools or needs assessments, or development of course or curriculum materials related to the understanding or betterment of the Federal grant-in-aid system or intergovernmental infrastructure supporting the system.
Section 2. Annual Report:
SOG shall prepare and submit a written annual report on its activities to the ASPA National Council at the time of the ASPA National Conference. The report will include information on SOG achievements in program and budget during the previous year and projected activities and budget for the following year.
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Appendix 1 :  Current ASPA Sections

2015 DEIL S. WRIGHT SYMPOSIUM

                           INTERGOVERNMENTAL MANAGEMENT: TENSIONS AND TRENDS
                        Sponsored by the Section on Intergovernmental Administration and Management
          Field Room, Hyatt Regency Chicago, March 6

1:00-2:20 Teaching and Research Panel
Richard L. Cole, University of Texas at Arlington, and John Kincaid, Lafayette College, “Is the Teaching of Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations Dead or Alive in American Public Administration Programs?”
Bruce J. Perlman, Sara Shoemate, and Nicholas Edwardson, University of New Mexico, and Michael J. Scicchitano, University of Florida, “Taking the High Road: Local Government Managers’ Perceptions on Implementing Local Option Recreational Marijuana in Colorado”
Jered B. Carr, University of Illinois at Chicago, Christopher Hawkins, University of Central Florida, and Drew Westberg, University of Missouri-Kansas City, “Collaboration Risk in Joint Ventures among Governments: Understanding the Risk Perceptions of Economic Development Officials”
Benjamin H. Deitchman, Rochester Institute of Technology, “Jobs, Jobs, Jobs: Energy Efficiency and Growth through State and Local Implementation.”
Heidi Koenig, Northern Illinois University, “The Status of Home Rule in Illinois”
2:20-2:30 Break
2:30-3:30 Roundtable I: NAPA Perspectives on New Paradigms for Developing a National Infrastructure Agenda
            Mark Pisano, University of Southern California
            Peter J. Basso, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
 3:30-4:45 Roundtable II: New Approaches to the Study of Contemporary Intergovernmental Relationships
Robert A. Agranoff, Indiana University
Beryl A. Radin, Georgetown University
Ann O’M. Bowman, Texas A & M University
Michael Pagano, University of Illinois at Chicago
           
4:45 Concluding Comments
                        David C. Wright

                        Richard C. Feiock, Florida State University

Call for Information – SIAM Update

Please help us provide exposure to your professional and academic achievements by contributing to the next issue of SIAM Update. We are seeking to include information on the following topics: 


·  Publication announcements for new reports, books and articles
·  Information on new research or outreach projects you are starting
·  Calls for papers for conference and workshops you are organizing
·  Invited lectures or other significant presentations you have given
·  Paper presentations or panel participation at conferences
·  Grants, fellowships, or awards you have received
·  Promotions or new positions you have accepted
·  Faculty additions, retirements, and other relevant news about your department or program
·  Election to an officer position in a local ASPA chapter
·  Students’ professional accomplishments, including new jobs and promotions, involvement in major research projects, important public sector initiatives, and research publications.

If you are engaged in activities that will be of interest to your fellow members or students, please send materials for the email update to siam.uic.cuppa@gmail.com by end of the day on Monday, February 2, 2015.
  

Donald C. Stone Practitioner and Scholar Awardees

Donald C. Stone (1903‐1995) was a major and beloved figure in twentieth‐century public
administration. He was the founder of the American Public Works Association (APWA), served
as the first Director of the Public Administration Service, and was a principal architect of the
Executive Office of the President (EOP) in 1939 based on the 1937 recommendations of the
Brownlow Commission. He was the first Director of the Division of Administrative Management
of the Bureau of the Budget within the EOP, worked as Director of Administration of the
Marshall Plan in 1948, helped found the National Academy of Public Administration in 1967,
and served as Dean of the School of Public and International Affairs at the University of
Pittsburgh.

The Section on Intergovernmental Administration and Management (SIAM) established the
Stone awards in 1980. The first awards were made in 1981. The principal criteria for the
Practitioner and Scholar awards are:

 Significant contributions to the practice and/or study of intergovernmental relations over a
substantial period of time

 Contributions that have made an impact on the practice and/or study of intergovernmental
management as a whole rather than only on a specific organization, institution, or function.

YEAR       PRACTITIONER                  SCHOLAR
2013          Bill Stafford                           Kurt Thurmaier
2012          Sam Mamet                            Frank J. Thompson
2010          William R. Barnes                 Richard Feiock
2009          Raymond C. Sheppach          Charles Wise
2008          Bruce D. McDowell               Carol S. Weissert
2007          Alan Ehrenhalt                       James Svara
2006          Paul Posner                            Mryna Mandell
2005          David Warm                           Donald F. Kettl
2004          Jeffrey Tryens                        Charldean Newell
2003          Anthony Griffin                     Richard Campbell
2002          Richard Sheirer                      Beryl Radin
2001          William Dodge                      Susan A. MacManus
2000          William H. Hansell, Jr.          Robert Agranoff
1999          Scott Fosler                            Laurence O’Toole
1998          Patricia S. Florestano             Ann O’M. Bowman
                                                                 David Morgan
1997          William G. Coleman              Joseph F. Zimmerman
1996          Gerald Miller                         Steven D. Gold
1995          Gov. Parris Glendening         Dale Krane
1994          Carl W. Stenberg III              Beverly A. Cigler
1993          William Edgar                       David Beam
1992          Zachary Taylor                      Thomas R. Dye
1991          George Van Dusen                John Kincaid
1990          Frank H. Shafroth                  Paul E. Peterson
1989          John Herbers                          Samuel H. Beer
1988          Louis Gambaccini                  George E. Peterson
1987          Gov. Bruce Babbitt                Neal Peirce
1986          Gov. Richard Snelling           Richard Nathan
1985          Sen. David F. Durenberger    Daniel J. Elazar
1984          Wayne F. Anderson               Martha Derthick
1983          Edward T. Kelly                    Mavis Mann Reeves
1982          Donna Shalala                       Deil S. Wright
                  Alan R. Siegle
1981          Ray Remy                              David B. Walker

*No award was presented in 2011 & 2014.

SIAM Charter & Bylaws

The American Society for Public Administration recognizes the development of specialized areas of interest within its membership as important to the advancement of the aims and purposes of the Society. Accordingly, it has granted and approved the following Charter and Bylaws for the Section on Intergovernmental Administration and Management. These are subject to the Constitution and Bylaws of the Society and to official Society policies governing the creation, evaluation, and termination of sections.

Section 1. Name: This organization shall be known as the Section on Intergovernmental Administration and Management (SIAM) of the American Society for Public Administration.
Section 2. Purpose: Within the broad purposes of ASPA, the Section on Intergovernmental Administration and Management will promote and encourage the study, understanding, and improvement of the intergovernmental system, its infrastructure and related cooperative and coordination effort, of all levels of government and the private sector. Specifically, the section will:
1. Serve as a national focal point and leader in the analysis and development of intergovernmental policy issues, administrative tools, and management techniques related to the grant-in-aid system, capacity building, and policy assistance for federal, state, and local administrators and managers.
2. Provide a national forum for activities, publication and research of academicians and practitioners in the area of interstate and interlocal intergovernmental administrative and management issues, systemic concerns of the grant-in-aid system, and regional, state, and local problems and needs unique to the intergovernmental system.
Section 3.
This Section is organized for the professional and educational purposes of: exclusively charitable and educational purposes within the meaning of Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as now in effect or as may hereafter be amended (“Code”). Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, such purposes include the following:
(a) Advancing the science, processes, and art of public administration.
In furtherance of its exclusively charitable and educational purposes, the Section shall have all general powers of an unincorporated association, together with the power to solicit and accept grants and contributions for such purposes.
Section 1.SIAM may undertake the following activities which are not necessarily inclusive or mandatory:
General:
1. Serve as a recognized national and regional focal point and spokesperson for intergovernmental administrative and management related developments in education, training and research.
2. Identify major intergovernmental management needs, problems, and opportunities inherent in the structure of the American federal system.
3. Identify and promote the use of information sources and material which constitute the state of the art of intergovernmental management issues.
4. Provide a forum for the exchange of views, information, and research on intergovernmental administrative and management issues, federal, state, and local management capacity development, grants-in-aid, and related rule and regulation changes, etc.
5. Provide a forum for discussion, research, and documentation of challenges and operations related to interstate and interlocal relations.
6. Serve as a stimulus for enhancing the effectiveness of the intergovernmental system through the exploration, development, and testing of capacity building models designed to respond to state and local deficiencies and needs.
7. Formulate program/policy positions on intergovernmental issues and problems of national, regional, state, or local interest and concern.
8. Encourage and sponsor intergovernmental related research and state-of-the-art developments through panels/presentations at ASPA, or related professional association, regional and national conferences.
9. Cooperate with other ASPA organizational units (sections, chapters) on program issues of mutual concern related to the intergovernmental system.
Training and Development:
1. Develop training packages (papers, reports, manuals, recordings, and video tapes, etc.) integrating advances in the area of cooperative federal, state, and local program and technology development and implementation.
2. Promote the incorporation of intergovernmental projects into on-going training and educational programs at universities and at all levels of government and in related professional associations.
3. Sponsor workshops and seminars in cooperation with related ASPA sections on functional issues where intergovernmental management and administration is key to program effectiveness.
Publications:
1. Identify topics which should be included in the literature on intergovernmental coordination, cooperation, and management issues including, but not limited to, conference papers, articles, and books, and promote and encourage the publication of these sources.
2. Promote the publication of the section newsletter, occasional papers, or symposium of PAR or related journals on management capacity building in the context of intergovernmental policy management assistance or program administration and management from an intergovernmental perspective.
Research:
1. Encourage section member research efforts related to intergovernmental administration and management.
2. Explore and develop research projects for funding by private foundations and governmental agencies.
3. Encourage federal, regional, state, and local research on intergovernmental administrative or management needs and interstate and interlocal concerns.
4. Assist in securing public agency funding support for section member research or special projects in the development and/or testing of systems, administrative tools or needs assessments, or development of course or curriculum materials related to the understanding or betterment of the Federal grant-in-aid system or intergovernmental infrastructure supporting the system.
Section 2. Annual Report:
SIAM shall prepare and submit a written annual report on its activities to the ASPA National Council at the time of the ASPA National Conference. The report will include information on SIAM achievements in program and budget during the previous year and projected activities and budget for the following year.
Section 1 .
Membership in SIAM shall be open to all ASPA members who desire active association with the Section and who pay the enrollment fee and the annual dues.
Section 2.
Members shall have the right to:
Section 1.
The elective officers of SIAM shall be the Chairperson, Chairperson-elect, immediate PastChairperson, and nine (9) members of the board. The term of the Chairperson and Chairpersonelect, who will automatically succeed to the office of Chairperson, shall be one (2) years. The nine (9) members will serve staggered three-year (3) terms. These elective officers constitute the SIAM Executive Committee
Any vacancies on the Executive Committee of less than one (1) year will be appointed by Chairperson, with the approval of the Executive Committee for the unexpired term of office.
Section 2.
The ASPA Executive Director or his/her designate shall serve as ex-officio member of the Executive Committee.
Section 3.
In consultation with the Executive Committee, the Chairperson appoints the Newsletter Editor, conference coordinators, regional/districts and chapter liaison officers, committee and task force chairpersons. With the approval of the Executive Committee, the Chairperson may appoint or elect a Treasurer and Secretary and Membership Chair for the Section. The Treasurer, Secretary, Newsletter Editor and Membership Chair shall also serve on the Executive Committee. These officers may be selected among section members outside of the Executive Committee.
Section 4.
The Executive Committee is responsible for the overall performance and functioning of SIAM. Among its responsibilities will be the following:
A. Determining section dues, subject to approval by the ASPA National Council.
B. Approving section annual programs and budget.
C. Adopting positions on issues of relevance to section concerns.
1. Accepting donations, grants, and contracts for the section, subject to ASPA policy regarding this matter.
E. Serving on committees and/or Task Forces as deemed necessary by the Chair, or Executive Committee as a whole.
Decisions shall be taken by majority vote; in case of tie, the Chairperson’s vote shall prevail.
The Chairperson’s responsibilities will include: providing leadership to the Section; representing the Section; chairing the Executive Committee; presiding at Sect meetings; signing correspondence; supervising implementation of section programs and budget.
Section 1.
All members of the Section on Intergovernmental Administration and Management shall have the right to vote for, and to be nominated to, SIAM elective off ices.
Section 2.
The following election procedures shall’ be followed:
A. The Chairperson will appoint a Nomination Committee of five (5) members at least four (4) months prior to the annual Section meeting.
B. The Nominating Committee will receive nominations and publish a slate of candidates at least three (3) months prior to the annual Section meeting.
C. The Nominating Committee receive additional nominations from the petition process up to two (2) months prior to the annual Section meeting; such additional nominations to be signed by 25 members of SIAM and accompanied by a statement from the nominee expressing interest and willingness to serve the Section.
D. Ballots will be mailed out at least one (1) month prior to the annual Section meeting.
E. New officers will be announced at the annual Section meeting.
F. Newly elected officers will assume office at the annual Section meeting, to be held in conjunction with the ASPA National Conference.
Section 1. Grants and Contracts:
The ASPA National Council is responsible for approving, receiving, and auditing grants or contracts solicited by SIAM. As a tax exempt non-profit educational organization, ASPA is qualified to receive designated donations for the programs and activities sponsored by SIAM.
An overhead charge may be applied to all grants and contracts administered by ASPA.
Section 2. Accounting Models:
SIAM dues, enrollment fees and other revenues shall be collected and allocated quarterly to the Section by the ASPA Executive Director. The Section may opt to maintain its own financial records, checking and savings accounts, and be responsible for all financial transactions. In this case, it shall follow such accounting procedures as may be specified by ASPA’s Finance and Administration Committee and shall furnish an annual audit report to the National Council. Or it may choose to purchase such financial services from the ASPA National Office. In the latter case, the ASPA Executive Director shall maintain separate accounting records for SIAM and shall provide periodic reports, at least bi-monthly, to the SIAM Chairperson, or as mutually agreed.
An annual fee will be charged against SIAM to defray the servicing cost; the fee shall include a flat rate levied equally on each Section, plus a fixed charge for each spending transaction performed. The flat and unit-transaction rates will be determined annually by the Executive Director and announced at the ASPA National Conference for the following fiscal year.
Section 3. Change of Accounting Model:
SIAM may opt to change the accounting model by decision of the Executive Committee. For the change to take effect in the following year, the ASPA Executive Director shall be notified of the desire for change at least two (2) months before the new fiscal year begins.
Section 4. Administration and Support:
SIAM shall be responsible for the administration and support of its programs and activities. A budget and work program shall be prepared and approved by the Executive Committee every year for the coming year. Section responsibilities include, but are not limited to the following: scheduling section meetings and taking the minutes thereof; running Section elections; organizing program sessions during ASPA’s national and regional conferences; preparing and distributing section brochures; producing newsletters and publications; planning and executing all workshops; developing and conducting membership campaigns; as well as maintaining meeting and financial records.
The ASPA Executive Director shall provide SIAM with periodic membership rosters and labels, ASPA handbooks and membership brochures and application forms, ASPA officers’ newsletters, membership reports, and any other appropriate information.
In addition, the ASPA Executive Director shall organize workshops on Section administration and development and shall provide coordination and linkage between SIAM and other ASPA organizational components.
Section 5. Purchase of Administrative Services:
SIAM may wish to purchase specific services occasionally from the National office (such as handling of sale of section publications for example). Services and their respective costs shall be negotiated between the ASPA Executive Director and the Section Chairperson
Section 1. General Membership Meetings:
A general membership meeting of SIAM will be held at least annually at each ASPA National Conference, and may be held elsewhere at other times of the year.
Section 2. Executive Committee Meetings: The SIAM Executive Committee shall meet at each ASPA National Conference and at such other times as may be conveniently arranged by the Chairperson.
Section 3. Other Meetings:
The Executive Committee may arrange for regional special, or other meetings of SIAM or its committees at such times and places as appropriate. Funding for all meetings will be limited to amounts budgeted, unless special additional funds are made available from other sources.
Section 1.
Substantive changes in this Charter and Bylaws may be voted upon by the Section membership at the annual Section meeting or through mail ballot and shall then be referred to the National Council. If interim action appears necessary, the SIAM Executive Committee may submit amendments to the ASPA National Council.
Section 2.
Clarifying changes which are in accord with policies of the National Council and which the Executive Director of ASPA and the Section Chairperson consider desirable may be made in this Charter and Bylaws from time to time without referral to the National Council. Such changes shall then be referred to the SIAM membership for information with reasons for changes.
Section 3.
Consistent with inclusion of this Section in the group federal income tax exemption ruling of the American Society for Public Administration (identified by the Internal Revenue Service as Group Exemption Number 3155), all amendments to the Section Charter which may be made from time to time shall be submitted to the American Society for Public Administration for its approval.
Section 1.
No part of the net earnings of the Section shall inure to the benefit of, or be distributable to any director or officer of the Section, or any other private person, except that the Section shall be authorized and empowered to pay reasonable compensation for services rendered to or for the Section and to make payments and distributions in furtherance of the purposes set forth hereinabove.
Section 2.
No substantial part of the activities of the Section shall be the carrying on of propaganda, or otherwise attempting to influence legislation (except as otherwise permitted by Section 501(h) of the Code), and the Section shall not participate in, or intervene in (including the publishing or distribution of statements concerning) any political campaign on behalf of or in opposition to any candidate for public office. Notwithstanding any other provision of these articles, the Section shall not carry on any other activities not permitted to be carried on
(a) by an organization exempt from federal income tax under Section 501(c)(3) of the Code, or
Section 3.
In the event of dissolution or final liquidation of the Section, after paying or making provision for the payment of all of the liabilities and obligations of the Section and for necessary expenses thereof, all of the remaining assets and property of the Section shall be distributed to the American Society for Public Administration provided it remains organized and operated exclusively for charitable or educational purposes as shall at the time qualify as an exempt organization under Section 501(c)(3) of the Code, and if not, to an organization which does so qualify. In no event shall any of such assets or property be distributed to any director or officer or to any private individual.
Section 4.
The fiscal year of the Section shall end in the month of April. The employer identification number assigned by the Internal Revenue Service to this Section is: EIN 52-1203980
Adopted by the organization meeting of (date).
ORIGINAL CHARTER ADOPTED BY THE SIAM MEMBERSHIP AT ITS ANNUAL MEETING ON APRIL 3, 1979 AT THE LORD BALTIMORE HOTEL, BALTIMORE AND APPROVED BY THE ASPA NATIONAL COUNCIL AT ITS MEETING ON APRIL 4, 1979 AT THE BALTIMORE HILTON HOTEL, BALTIMORE.
REVISIONS ADOPTED BY THE SIAM EXECUTIVE BOARD AND THE SIAM MEMBERSHIP IN NOVEMBER, 2000.